This lecture looks at the great architectural accomplishments of the Medang or Mataram Kingdom – later the Srivijayan Empire. They became fabulously wealthy based on trade along the Malacca Straits. To attract and accommodate both Buddhist and Hindu devotees they built a host of temples for both religions. They also created a unique system of intensifying the sacredness of the landscape by the introduction of small free-standing temples known as the Candy. I discuss their role and design. I then move to Borobudur, the most famous of the temples of the Medang. This lecture discusses its design features as related to the thematics of the mandala which is blended with the imaginary of a holy mountain. The building is a built theological model as well as a spiritual object and the backdrop for royal ceremonies.
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