Evangelical colonialisms are characterized by combining projects of religious conversion with the use of force to impose dominant trade relations. While religion played a more or less significant role in European moral justification for imposing control over the peoples, cultures and societies of the rest of the world, the evangelizing mission of the Catholic powers of the Iberian Peninsula, now known as Portugal and Spain, were so deeply integrated with the mechanisms of colonial power that it justifies be distinguished from other colonial systems. The architectural evidence of Evangelical colonialisms demonstrates the interpenetration of economic and religious imperatives in the formal spatial relationships between the architectures of colonial administration, and institutions of the church. Formal expressions found in the Portuguese and Spanish colonies demonstrate the ways that various European Baroque, Classical, or Neo-Gothic styles were deployed in the pursuit of a joint operation of conversion and control of indigenous populations. These architectures came into being as copies of European precedents taking on a hybrid expression as they bear the imprint of local, indigenous labor and materials.
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